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How to Hike the GR5, The Grande Randonnée Cinq (Five), through the Alps.

Tips and trail suggestions:
From the start at Lake Geneva (Lac Léman) to La Chapelle d'Abondance

By David May

Copyright 2004 - 2016, All rights Reserved
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Table of Contents Links:

General Information:

1. Why the GR5 and GR52?

Difficulty

Who should use this site?

Other Long Distance Alpine Hikes

About the author

2. The Entire GR5, from the North Sea to the Mediterranean (three months) (only summarily described here with a few references).

The Alpine Crossing, from Lake Geneva (Lac Léman) to either Nice or Menton on the Mediterranean. Nice is a 4 weeks walk from Lake Geneva, Menton, almost 5 weeks. I recommend the walk to Menton over the GR 52 variant, if you can possibly find the time.

Types of trekkers - "purists" and "easygoers".

Costs and Budget

3. When to Go and When to Walk

Accommodation: Types and Reservations

Planning your Route

Meeting People

4. Trail Identification and Direction Marks

Gear

5. Books, Maps, Internet sites, GPS

6. Conditioning, hiking speed, rest days

7. Shopping and Communications

8. Top sights attractions:
Lake Geneva Steamer*;
Dent d'Oche**;
Samoens*;
Chamonix area*** (a very slight detour; consider allowing three or more sunny days);
Briançon**;
Sospel*and Aspremont* ;
Nice** and Menton**.

9. GR5 access points:

Author's Route Recommendations and Tips for the demanding hiker:

10. Starting Points on the South Shore of Lake Geneva: The official St. Gingolph or Thonon-les-Bains, vis-a-vis my preferred starting point of Evian-les-Bains. Advantages and disadvantages. Getting there. Detouring to visit the Dent d'Oche**.

11. Accommodations from La Chapelle-d'Abondance to Chamonix (or Les Houches).

12. Accommodations and route, Chamonix to Briançon.

13. Accommodations and route, Briançon to Larche: My difficult but thrilling back way out of Briançon.

14. From Larche to the Vésubie Valley.

Recommended for the intrepid: Partially off-trail variation in the northern Mercantour Park to beautifully austere and isolated lakes.

Isola 2000 short-cut to the lower GR5 or GR52, possibly saving a day or more and much more interesting terrain than the official GR5 route

15. From the Vésubie Valley to the Mediterranean:

Comparison of the GR5 to Nice vis-a-vis the GR52 to Menton: Two possible endings for your walk.

The GR5.

How to handle the 2,000 meter (6,600 foot) descent from the Valley des Merveilles to Sospel on the GR52.

Don't miss the stupendous GR52 final day from Sospel to the Mediterranean at Menton.

Possible GR5 Starting Points on the Lake Geneva (Lac Leman) south shore, including the author's more enjoyable and easier unofficial route.

Introduction:

Lac Leman (Lake Geneva), the largest natural lake in Western Europe, lies at an elevation of 374 meters (1,227 feet). Beautifully green mountains and hills surround most of the lake. French speaking Geneva and its airport lie at the southwestern tip of the lake.

Those walking southward on the entire GR5 will come to the lake at Nyon on the north western shore. Cruise boats cross the lake from Nyon, Lausanne and Geneva, and permit access to points on the south shore, including all trailheads for the GR5 southbound. For schedules, contact http://www.cgn.ch/. Frequent Swiss trains connect to Geneva and other north shore points: http://www.sbb.ch/en/, and frequent French trains http://voyages.sncf.com connect Geneva (from the Eaux Vives Railway Station—not the main railway station) to south shore points such as Thonon-Les-Bains and Evian-Les-Bains.

Since the GR 5 is normally only one trail, when there is more that one trail connecting two points, normally the extra trails are called variants and are numbered 5a, 5b etc., or, are given a different number beginning with 5 such as 52 or 56. The start of the Alpine crossing on the south shore of Lake Geneva breaks this normality:. The two starting points are both labeled GR5. Having hiked one of these routes and studied the other, I recommend yet another, unofficial, lake-shore starting point between the two that I hiked the second time I walked this section of the GR5. I'll cover these alternatives in turn, but first I must deal with an issue common to all of them.

The issue of where to stay before La Chapelle d'Abondance:

When I refer here to hiking times, I mean the times found in the French Topo Guide, or comparable to it, normally climbing at 300 meters per hour and walking 2.4 kilometers per hour on the flat. The climbing rates from the starting poinjts in the "GR5 Trail" guidebook by Paddy Dillion are in my estimation too high for typical walkers (especially if they are starting their hike at Lac Leman) ,as they are based on climbing at 400 to 500 meters an hour.

No matter which starting point you take, you will have to choose (on the second day from Thonon-les-Bains or on the first day from Saint-Gingolph) whether to push on in a very long day to La Chapelle d'Abondance (9 hours from Saint-Gingolph, over 10 hours from Chevenoz), or to stop at an intermediate point. The Refuge de Bise is definitively closed. There is a restaurant at this location, open in the summer. You can check that the restaurant will be open at the follwing telephone numbers: 04 50 73 11 39 (land line) and 06 32 34 97 77 (portable). (Drop the 0 if calling from abroad.)

One alternative, if coming from Saint-Gingolph, is A stop at Novel, 600 meters above the lake. From there the hiking time the next day to La Chapelle d"Abondance to 7 hours.

Another logical intermediate lodging if coming from the lake or Chevenoz is the Dent d'Oche Refuge (6 hours roughly from either Saint-Gingolf or from Chevenoz if you are in great shape). This is a full service refuge with an incredible view over Lake Geneva (Lac Leman) and to Mount Blanc in good weather. Since it is at high altitude, the meal choices are limited, but the food is fine. Getting there involves climbing an extra 300 meters, the last of part of which is somewhat steep, and involves using ones hands a bit. There is a chain to hold on to on the steepest part. If you have acrophobia, don't go to this refuge. However I have seen young children and grand parents making the climb without a problem. From the refuge there is a climb to the summit towering above. Allow about 5 hours to reach La Chapelle d'Abondance from the Dent d'Oche. . My own visit to this refuge remains a visual high point of all my hiking.

View over Evian-les-Bains and Lake Geneva froma hill
near the Dent D'Oche. Click to enlarge:

View of Lac Leman (Lake Geneva) from the Dent d'Oche

Looking south to Mt. Blanc from the Dent d'Oche:

Looking towards Mount Blanc from the Dent D'Oche

Two other intermediate stopping points are possible (see map below):

1) At the Amis de Nature refuge in Ubine (tel. 04 50 73 12 98), about 7 or 8 hours from the lake. Branch west from the GR5 at the Chalets de Mens. The next day retrace your path to the GR5. This is a huge detour to save an couple of hours of hiking.

2) In Switzerland at Tanay at the refuge du Grammont 0041 24 481 11 83 or the Refuge dela Vouivre (tel. 0041 24 481 14), about 6 or 6 1/2 hours from the lake. Climbing from Novel, cross the river at elevation 1,382 where a sign indicates Col de la Croix, the from the col turn southward and cros the Pas de Lovenex (1,849 m) and then continue east to Taney. The next day (cross the Col de Verne to reach La Chapelle d'Abondance).

Click to Englarge:
map of Refuge de Bise alternatives.

The Three Starting Points:

Thonon-les-Bains starting point:

From this starting point it will take most hikers three days to reach La Chapelle d'Abondence.

One GR5 starts from Thonon-les-Bains, a resort town, easily accessible by train from Geneva or Paris, and also by lake steamer from Nyon, Lausanne or Geneva. It will take you approximately 12 1/4 hours (without counting rest and meal stops) to walk from Thonon to the junction with the other GR5. To find lodging the first night, you will need to detour from the GR5 to one of the refuges or hotels at Les Clouz, Vinzier or Chevenoz (respectively 5/1/4, 5 1/2 or 7 hours from Thonon). Thus, your total walking time to the junction of the other GR5 coming from St._Gingolph will be about 13 hours.

From this junction, another 3 1/2 to 4 hours will take you to La Chapelle d'Abondance, where there are lodgings of all types, including many hotels.

If you were to attempt to reach La Chapelle d'Abondance, in two days, you would have to walk 7 hours the first day and 9 or 10 hours the second, which on the second day would include a 1,100 meter (3,600 feet) ascent and a 900 meter (2,900 feet) descent.

On this route from Thonon-les-Bains, the refuge of the Dent d'Oche can be reached in 13 hours, including the detours for lodging..

The walk from Thonon-les-Bain has some views of the Drance river and occasionally of Lake Geneva. Mostly, however you are in a depression with limited views. After an initial slow climb, you descend to cross the Drance river, then climb again and stay relatively flat until Le Crêt. The first day you ascend in total about 600 meters (2,000 feet). The second day, assuming you are not going all the way to La Chapelle d'Abondance, you ascend 1,100 meters (3,600 feet) to the trail's high point at the Col de Bise (or another 350 meters - 1,150 feet to the Dent d'Oche. That second day may be daunting for hikers not fully conditioned.

St.-Gingolph starting point:

From this starting point, it will take most hikers two days to reach La Chapelle d'Abondence.

The second GR5 starts from a tiny commune that straddles the French-Swiss border, St.-Gingolph—a town with only a few services and without much charm. Lodging is in modest hotels in the French part of the town, or in a fancier hotels in the Swiss part of town. For hotel contact information visit: http://www.st-gingolph.ch/. If you are conditioned, this route will save you one day of walking.

Access by public transportation is possible by taking a morning train to Lausanne (which, incidently, is from Paris the fastest lake access point), taking a taxi to the Lausanne-Ouchy dock, and crossing the lake on a cruise boat. It is also possible to take a train or cruise boat to Evian-les-Bains, and then a taxi or a bus for the 17 kilometer (10 mile) trip to St. Gingolph. A few trains arrive in St.-Gingolph from Monthey, which is on the Lausanne-Martigny line, if you are coming from points east.

The GR5 trail from the lake for 5 hours continuously ascends very steeply up a viewless ravine (if your physical condition permits!) to the junction point with the other GR5 coming from Thonon-Les-Bains .. The elevation gain to the Col de Bise pass is 1,500 meters (4,900) feet if you are going directly to La Chapelle d'Abondance, or to the intermediate lodging of the Dent D'Och, about 1700 meters or 5,600 feet.

Because of the tremendous effort that may be required on the first day's climb, many hikers may prefer, on the afternoon of their arrival in St.- Gingolph, to hike up to Novel, 2 hours i.e., some 600 meters (2,000 feet) above the lake. At this writing in 2011 there is no longer a hotel there, but there is a gite d'étape, Le Franco-Suisse, telephone +33 (0)4-50-76-73-74 or email gitefrancosuisse.novel@orange.fr. This small gite only takes in only a handful of hikers for one night stays, and should be reserved well in advance, if possible, to insure a place. If you arrive in St. Gingolf in the early afternoon, staying that evening in Novel would not add an extra night to your trip..

A side trip from the GR5 to the Dent d'Oche, which I highly recommend in good weather for its stupendous, unforgetable view of Lac Léman, requires a 6 1/2 hours climb from Lac Léman. The times given above are the book times that assume that you are already in good shape. On my first trip on the GR5 from Lac Léman, (without full understanding and only in fair shape) I undertook this 6,059 foot ascent from the lake shore to the Dent d'Oche, and it took me 8 exhausting hiking hours.

In order to go to the Dent d'Oche from Saint-Gingolph, one should branch off to the West onto the Balcon de Leman trail, which leads directly there without a major loss of altitude. If one followed the GR5 to the junction from the other starting point, and then took that trail to the west, one would walk and extra 2 kilometers and descent and reclimb an extra 300 meters.

Evian-les-Bains, my unofficial, prefered starting point:

From Evian-les-Bains it will take average hikers three days to reach La Chapelle d'Abondence.

Lying midway between the two official GR5s, Evian is the starting point I prefer. It is obviously unsuitable for those who wish to say that they have walked "The GR5", but just fine for those like me who wish to say that they "walked on or nearby the GR5 from Lake Geneva to the Mediterranean". I prefer this route for three reasons: because Evian is charming; because, on the way, one has wonderful views of Lake Geneva and of highly attractive countryside; and because one can stay in a hotel or b&b the first night (but not a gite or refuge). This route takes about 4 hours less than the Thonon-les-Bains GR5, and 4 hours more than the Saint-Gingolph GR5.

Access to Evian -- a town with considerable charm -- is by train from Geneva or Paris, or by lake cruisship from Geneva, Nyon, or Lausanne.

To begin your alpine traverse, you climb for an hour on a waymarked route from the railway station, leading above the town, partly by a track, and then walk briefly east, parallel to the lake, with excellent views. You cut inland, not on trails but on countryside lanes, to a hotel of your choice in St-Paul-en-Chablais - Bernex area at about 1,000 meters (3,300 feet) elevation (2,000 feet above the lake) in about 3 1/2 to 4 1/2 hours of walking. (My research has not turned up any hotel situated higher than 1,000 meters.)

The second day you gain the Dent d'Oche (at 2,221 meters or 7,300 feet of altitue) in five or six view-filled hiking hours, dependinging upon where you have stayed and your route choice. The third day takes you easily to La Chapelle d'Abondonce.

The maps in the Topo Guides are sufficient, but if you are using another guide book you would need to purchase a map or print one from a screenshot at www.geoportail.fr. You will note the trail in red rising above Evian, and then branching to the left. You will probably choose the white colored road leading from Milly to Poese, and then head towards Bernex, following a route that depends upon the hotel you have chosen. I amd my friends enjoyed very much our stay at the Hotel Bois Joli** in Beunaz (St- Paul-en-Chablais), but you might want to stay further along, in Bernex for example.

The second day of this itinerary there is a choice of routes to reach the Dent d'Oche or the the GR5. My group followed a trail and lanes leading over Mont Bénard and around the south of Mont César to the GR Balcon de Léman variant shown on the map in red, and then followed this south to the Dent d'Oche, about a six hours' walk. Alternatively, and shorter, one can follow the road through Bernex to La Fétiuère (the typical day-hike starting point from the road), and then climb the trail steeply up to the Château d'Oche. Or you could walk the road to Pré Richard, and pick up the GR5 above there. Day hikers and weekend hikers visiting the Dent d'Oche typically use the trail from La Fétiuère.

Easygoers can take a taxi to the parking lot at La Fétiuère, ortake the télésiege (chairlift) of Pré Richard (operational in summer, weather permitting, from 10:00 AM on) and walk from the top station, saving a climb of about 400 meters.

Continuing on:

See the next page for the continuation of the GR5 from La Chapelle d'Abondance.

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