How to Hike the GR5, The Grande Randonnée Cinq (Five), through the Alps.

Translations of Dutch Navigation Terms in GR5 Topoguides

By David May

Copyright 2004 - 2017, All rights Reserved
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Table of Contents Links:

General Information:

1. Why the GR5 and GR52?

Difficulty

Who should use this site?

Other Long Distance Alpine Hikes

About the author

2. The Entire GR5, from the North Sea to the Mediterranean (three months) (only summarily described here).

Page describing the Guidebooks and Internet resources for the GR5 from Holland to the Alps.

The Alpine Crossing, from Lake Geneva (Lac Léman) to either Nice or Menton on the Mediterranean. Nice is a 4 weeks walk from Lake Geneva, Menton, almost 5 weeks. I recommend the walk to Menton over the GR 52 variant, if you can possibly find the time.

Types of trekkers - "purists" and "easygoers".

Costs and Budget

3. When to Go and When to Walk

Accommodation: Types and Reservations

Planning your Route

Meeting People

4. Trail Identification and Direction Marks

Gear

5. Books, Maps, Internet sites, GPS

Page with English translations of French Topoguide navigation terms.

6. Conditioning, hiking speed, rest days

7. Shopping and Communications

8. Top sights attractions:
Lake Geneva Steamer*;
Dent d'Oche**;
Samoens*;
Chamonix area*** (a very slight detour; consider allowing three or more sunny days);
Briançon**;
Sospel*and Aspremont* ;
Nice** and Menton**.

9. GR5 access points:

Author's Route Recommendations and Tips for the demanding hiker:

10. Starting Points on the South Shore of Lake Geneva: The official St. Gingolph or Thonon-les-Bains, vis-a-vis my preferred starting point of Evian-les-Bains. Advantages and disadvantages. Getting there. Detouring to visit the Dent d'Oche**.

11. Accommodations from La Chapelle-d'Abondance to Chamonix (or Les Houches).

12. Accommodations and route, Chamonix to Briançon.

13. Accommodations and route, Briançon to Larche: My difficult but thrilling back way out of Briançon.

14. From Larche to the Vésubie Valley.

Recommended for the intrepid: Partially off-trail variation in the northern Mercantour Park to beautifully austere and isolated lakes.

Short-cut to the lower GR5 or GR52, possibly saving a day or more and much more exciting terrain than the official GR5 route

Joining the GR 52 by bus from Nice via Isola 2000 or via Boréon.

15. From the Vésubie Valley to the Mediterranean:

Comparison of the GR5 to Nice vis-a-vis the GR52 to Menton: Two possible endings for your walk.

The GR5.

How to handle the 2,000 meter (6,600 foot) descent from the Valley des Merveilles to Sospel on the GR52.

Don't miss the stupendous GR52 final day from Sospel to the Mediterranean at Menton.

Alphabetical Listing

(see below for listing by parts of speech)

Note:  "je" at the end of a word is a diminutive, i.e. it adds the idea of small or little.

 

Note:  many words are the combination of two separate words, for example "forestpath", where in English we would say "forest path".

 

Note: some adjectives change spelling when used with feminine nouns, e.g. "breed" and "brede". Others just add an "e" to the end of the adjective.
 

a = adjective, adv = adverb, c  = conjunction, n = noun, p = preposition , pn= pronoun, v = verb

 

(naar) beneden  (go) downstairs adv
aanhouden to continue v
abdij abbey n
accommodatie accommodations n
achter behind p
achterkant back, backside adv
af off p
akker field n
asfalt ashfalt n
ATM ATM n
bank, bankje bench or bank n
bed and breakfast guest room, b&b n
beding circumstance, proviso n
beton concrete n
bewegwijzering, trail marking, waymarking n
bij by p
blauw blue a
blijf stay v
blijven to stay, to keep v
bocht bend n
boerderi farm n
boom, (plural: bomen) tree n
bos, bosrand forest, forest edge n
boven, bovenaan above, upwards p
breed, brede broad, wide a
brug bridge n
buiten (de GR spoor) off the GR trail p
bus bus n
bushalte busstop n
busstation bus station n
daar there, over there n
daarna then adv
dadelijk immediately adv
dagetappe daily stages (to overnight) n
dalen to descend v
dam dam n
dan then, subsequently adv
dan than c
deze this a
dezelfde same a
dijk dike ,dam, embankment n
doodlopend dead end n
door through p
doorlopen to move, to continue v
draai, draaien turn, to turn v
dreef avenue n
driesprong fork (in road) with 3 arms n
een  a a
einde end n
en and c
even just adv
fietspad bike path n
fort fort n
ga door continue v
ga, ga naar go, go to, go towards v
gaat, gaan goes, to go v
gare (French) railway station n
gebouw building n
geel, gele yellow a
geen no, none a
gehucht hamlet n
gemeenschapshuis communal lodging n
glad, gladde slippery a
gracht, slotgracht canal, moat n
gras grass n
grenspaal border pole (nations) n
greppel ditch n
grind gravel n
groen green a
haarspeldbochten in switchbacks a
half bestraat partially paved a
handwijzer pointing hand n
heiligdom shrine n
hek fence n
hek gate n
helling slope n
het the a
heuvel hill n
heuvelend hilly a
heuvelrug ridge n
hoek angle n
hond (plural: honden) dog n
hoogte height, altitude n
hou, houden keep, to keep, hold v
houten wooden a
huis, huisje, huisnummer house, house number n
ijzeren iron a
inhalen to overtake, to pass v
jachthaven marina n
je on end of word: small a
je, jij you (familiar) pn
Jeker a small river in Maastricht n
kasteel castle n
kei, keienpad stone, stone path n
kerk church n
kies, kiezen choose, to choose v
klaphek gate (folding) n
klif cliff n
klim, klimmen climb, to climb v
komt uit (bij) comes out (at) v
kronkelend meandering a
kruin crown, top of n
kruis cross v
kruising junction, crossroad n
kruispunt intersection n
laag, lage low a
laar clearing n
landgoed manor, estate n
landschap landscape n
langs along v
later later adv
linkerkant left hand side n
links left n
linksaf turn left v
loop, lopen walk, to walk v
maar but c
manege stable, riding school n
markering trail marking, waymarking n
mee along, with it p
met with p
meter meter n
muur wall n
na after p
naar to p
nadien subsequently adv
neem, nemen (een weg) take (a road, etc.) v
negeren to ignore, to disregard v
niet not adv
nog still, yet adv
noord north n
omheining fence n
omhoog up, upwards adv
onder under, underneath p
onderneming venture n
ongeveer approximately a
onverhard unpaved a
onverharde weg minor road, dirt road n
onverharde weg, zandweg rough dirt road n
ook also, too,  either adv, c
oosten east n
op on, at p
opnieuw again adv
oranje orange a
overkant other side n
oversteken to cross over (a road) v
oversteken, steek over to cross, cross (a road) v
paadje path (small) n
paal # location pole # n
pad trail n
parkeerterrein parking lot n
plaats place n
plein square, plaza n
poort, poortje gate n
purper, violet purple, violet a
rand edge n
rechtdoor, rechtuit straight ahead, straight p
rechts right n
rechtsaf turn right v
rijweg carriage-way, road n
rood, rode red a
rotonde traffic circle, roundabout n
rots rock n
rotsachtig, met rotsen  (rocky, stone-surfaced) a
rotsstapel rockpile that marks trail n
route route n
ruim more than adv
samenkomst joining together point n
schietveld shooting range n
schuilplaats shelter n
schuin sideways, diagonally a, adv
slagboom barrier n
slik, plural slikken mudflat n
sloot ditch n
smal, smalle narrow a
sommige some a
spoor. sporen rail track, tracks n
station railroad station  n
steeds keep v
steeds rechtdoor continue straight ahead v
steen stone n
stervormig star-shaped a
stijgend rising a
straat street n
streepjes dashes ( line on map) n
strook, strookje strip n
stroom stream, river n
talud embankment n
tegel tile n
tegenover elkaar opposite each other p
toegang tot --- access to -- a
top summit n
tot until p
trail trail n
trap stairs n
treurwilg weeping willow tree n
tunnel tunnel n
tussen between, among p
tweede second (#) a
U you (formal) pn
uitlopen walk out v
vallei valley n
van from p
vanaf from p
variatie variation n
veerooster cattle guard (grill) n
veld field, pasture, meadow n
veldweg, zandweg earth road n
verboden forbidden a
verder farther, further adv
verder further (down) p
verderop dan further down than p
verkeer, verkeerslicht(en)  traffic, traffic light(s) n
verkeerde richting wrong way n
verplaatsbare movable a
vertrekt, vertrekken leaves, to leave v
vervolgen to continue v
vijver pond n
vistrap fish ladder n
voet, voetpad foot, pedestrian path n
voetganger pedestrian n
vogelkijkhut birdwatching hut n
volgt, volgen follows, to follow v
voor before, in front of p
voorangsweg priority n
voorbij past, beyond p
voord, voorde ford n
voorjaar spring n
voorraad supplies n
wandelboom post marking hiking paths n
waterkering weir n
waterloopje watercourse n
waterval waterfall n
weg road n
weide, weiland meadow n
wellicht perhaps adv
wenden in de richting van de pijl turn in direction of arrow v
west west n
westen west n
wit, witte white a
woonwijk residential area n
wordt becomes, is v
zand sand n
zandweg dirt road n
zee, zeeweg sea, seaway n
zie sees v
zuiden south n
zwart black a

 

List by Parts of Speech

 

blauw blue a
breed, brede broad, wide a
deze this a
dezelfde same a
een  a a
geel, gele yellow a
geen no, none a
glad, gladde slippery a
groen green a
haarspeldbochten in switchbacks a
half bestraat partially paved a
het the a
heuvelend hilly a
houten wooden a
ijzeren iron a
je on end of word: small a
kronkelend meandering a
laag, lage low a
ongeveer approximately a
onverhard unpaved a
oranje orange a
purper, violet purple, violet a
rood, rode red a
rotsachtig, met rotsen  (rocky, stone-surfaced) a
smal, smalle narrow a
sommige some a
stervormig star-shaped a
stijgend rising a
toegang tot --- access to -- a
tweede second (#) a
verboden forbidden a
vervolgt continues v
verplaatsbare movable a
wit, witte white a
zwart black a
achterkant back, backside adv
(naar) beneden  (go) downstairs adv
daarna then adv
dadelijk immediately adv
dan then, subsequently adv
even just adv
later later adv
nadien subsequently adv
niet not adv
nog still, yet adv
ook also, too,  either adv, c
omhoog up, upwards adv
opnieuw again adv
ruim more than adv
schuin sideways, diagonally a, adv
verder farther, further adv
wellicht perhaps adv
en and c
maar but c
dan than c
veldweg, zandweg earth road n
abdij abbey n
accommodatie accommodations n
akker field n
asfalt ashfalt n
ATM ATM n
bank, bankje bench or bank n
bed and breakfast guest room, b&b n
beding circumstance, proviso n
beton concrete n
bewegwijzering, trail marking, waymarking n
bocht bend n
boerderi farm n
boom, (plural: bomen) tree n
bos, bosrand forest, forest edge n
brug bridge n
bus bus n
bushalte busstop n
busstation bus station n
laar clearing n
daar there, over there n
dagetappe daily stages (to overnight) n
dam dam n
dijk dike ,dam, embankment n
doodlopend dead end n
dreef avenue n
driesprong fork (in road) with 3 arms n
einde end n
fietspad bike path n
fort fort n
gebouw building n
gehucht hamlet n
gemeenschapshuis communal lodging n
gracht, slotgracht canal, moat n
gare (French) railway station n
gras grass n
grenspaal border pole (nations) n
greppel ditch n
grind gravel n
handwijzer pointing hand n
hek fence n
helling slope n
heuvel hill n
heuvelrug ridge n
hoek angle n
hond (plural: honden) dog n
hoogte height, altitude n
huis, huisje, huisnummer house, house number n
jachthaven marina n
Jeker a small river in Maastricht n
kasteel castle n
kei, keienpad stone, stone path n
kerk church n
klaphek gate (folding) n
klif cliff n
kruin crown, top of n
kruising junction, crossroad n
kruispunt intersection n
landschap landscape n
landgoed manor, estate n
linkerkant left hand side n
links left n
manege stable, riding school n
markering trail marking, waymarking n
meter meter n
muur wall n
noord north n
omheining fence n
onderneming venture n
onverharde weg minor road, dirt road n
oosten east n
overkant other side n
paadje path (small) n
paal # location pole # n
pad trail n
parkeerterrein parking lot n
plaats place n
plein square, plaza n
poort, poortje gate n
rand edge n
rechts right n
rijweg carriage-way, road n
rotonde traffic circle, roundabout n
rots rock n
rotsstapel rockpile that marks trail n
route route n
onverharde weg, zandweg rough dirt road n
samenkomst joining together point n
zandweg dirt road n
heiligdom shrine n
schietveld shooting range n
schuilplaats shelter n
slik, plural slikken mudflat n
slagboom barrier n
sloot ditch n
spoor. sporen rail track, tracks n
station railroad station  n
steen stone n
streepjes dashes ( line on map) n
straat street n
strook, strookje strip n
stroom stream, river n
voorraad supplies n
talud embankment n
tegel tile n
tunnel tunnel n
top summit n
trail trail n
trap stairs n
treurwilg weeping willow tree n
vallei valley n
variatie variation n
veerooster cattle guard (grill) n
veld field, pasture, meadow n
verkeerde richting wrong way n
verkeer, verkeerslicht(en)  traffic, traffic light(s) n
vijver pond n
vistrap fish ladder n
voet, voetpad foot, pedestrian path n
voetganger pedestrian n
vogelkijkhut birdwatching hut n
voord, voorde ford n
voorjaar spring n
voorangsweg priority n
wandelboom post marking hiking paths n
waterkering weir n
waterloopje watercourse n
waterval waterfall n
westen west n
weg road n
weide, weiland meadow n
west west n
woonwijk residential area n
zand sand n
zee, zeeweg sea, seaway n
zuiden south n
achter behind p
verder further (down) p
af off p
bij by p
boven, bovenaan above, upwards p
buiten (de GR spoor) off the GR trail p
door through p
tegenover elkaar opposite each other p
mee along, with it p
met with p
na after p
naar to p
onder under, underneath p
op on, at p
rechtdoor, rechtuit straight ahead, straight p
tot until p
tussen between, among p
van from p
vanaf from p
verderop dan further down than p
voor before, in front of p
voorbij past, beyond p
je, jij you (familiar) pn
U you (formal) pn
aanhouden to continue v
blijf stay v
blijven to stay, to keep v
kruis cross v
dalen to descend v
langs along v
draai, draaien turn, to turn v
doorlopen to move, to continue v
ga, ga naar go, go to, go towards v
gaat, gaan goes, to go v
ga door continue v
hou, houden keep, to keep, hold v
kies, kiezen choose, to choose v
klim, klimmen climb, to climb v
komt uit (bij) comes out (at) v
linksaf turn left v
loop, lopen walk, to walk v
neem, nemen (een weg) take (a road, etc.) v
negeren to ignore, to disregard v
oversteken to cross over (a road) v
inhalen to overtake, to pass v
rechtsaf turn right v
steeds keep v
steeds rechtdoor continue straight ahead v
oversteken, steek over to cross, cross (a road) v
uitlopen walk out v
vervolgen to continue v
vertrekt, vertrekken leaves, to leave v
volgt, volgen follows, to follow v
wenden in de richting van de pijl turn in direction of arrow v
wordt becomes, is v
zie sees v

 

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